Your Hohner Educator I harmonica is a 10-hole Richter system diatonic harmonica, possibly made in the late 1940s-late 1950s. That is only a guess.
The Educator series of harmonicas were made from the 1930s, but the early models had wood combs. Yours has a red plastic comb (body), and nails ("drift pins") hold the reed plates to the comb.
The Richter system is a reed placement system devised by Joseph Richter, possibly in the late 1850s. There are different dates and different Richters credited with the creation of the Richter system, including Emmet Richter (1850s Bavaria); Joseph Richter (late 1850s Novy Bohr in today's Czech Republic); or Anton Richter (late 1850s Novy Bohr in today's Czech Republic).
The 10-hole description is a sum of the holes in the mouthpiece, which determines the amount of reeds on your harmonica. Your Educator I harp has 10 holes, 20 reeds (2 reeds per hole).
The word, "diatonic" refers to the scale formula used on your harmonica. A diatonic music scale is one that has 7 consecutive note letters, from "do" to "ti".
Your Educator I harp is the predecessor of the Hohner "U.S. Navy" harmonica, which preceded today's Hohner "Golden Melody" harmonica. All 3 harps are identical, except for the covers and the color of the plastic comb.
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